Philip Martin is an Assistant Professor of International Security at the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University, where he teaches courses on conflict and peacebuilding, comparative politics, and Africa. His research focuses on the legacies of civil wars for state formation and democracy, using archival, interview, and survey-based methods. His book project, Insurgent Armies: Explaining Military Loyalty after Rebel Victory, examines civil-military relations and ex-rebel commander behavior in countries ruled by former armed movements. His research has been published or is forthcoming in outlets such as Comparative Politics, African Affairs, Civil Wars, and Foreign Affairs. Dr. Martin has worked and conducted research in Côte d'Ivoire, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, and Tajikistan. He received a PhD in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.